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Situated at the upper reaches of the Kali Gandaki river beyond the Annapurna and the Dhaulagiri ranges, Mustang stretches 2,350 sq kms in size with altitudes ranging from 3000m to 6000m. The population is approximately 5000, distributed in over 30 villages located along the river banks or streams where irrigation is possible for agriculture. The country is extremely arid and barren, characterized by bare hills and valleys speckled with sparse vegetation (shrubs, willows and poplars).
The history of Mustang dates back to the 8th century during the reign of the powerful religious king Trison Detsen of Tibet. The Buddhist doctrine was spread during this period and according to the “Molla”, a local historical document which traces the lineage of the Kings of Mustang, relates the advent of Buddhism and the subsequent historical developments of Mustang, a much later descendent of Trison Detsen migrated to Mustang and lived there. One of his sons, Ame Pal, rose to be a powerful lord and defeated the local chieftains in the dzongs (castle) ‘that dominated Mustang. Even today, the ruins of Ketcher Dzong (which belonged to ame Pal) can be seen on the high ridge overlooking Lo Mantang.
The walled city of Lo Mantang was later built by Ame Pal as his capital city after he had conquered the forts in his region and unified the country during the middle of the 15th century.
|1||Kathmandu – Pokhara.|
|2||Pokhara - Jomsom - Kagbeni|
|13||Jomsom - Pokhara - Kathmandu|